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March 11th, 2015

Medical Illustration: Shadowing an Artist in Medical School

By Diem Vu

Art has been one of my passions ever since I could hold a pencil—an important outlet for expression, relaxation, and reflection. However, I never found an intersection between art and medicine until I discovered medical illustration in college. Medical Illustration is a field where artists take medical school classes alongside medical students to become experts in anatomy, histology, and pathology. Medical illustrators are responsible for providing the textbook and anatomy atlas illustrations over which medical students pore daily.

Michael King. From the 2008 exhibit: “Scalpel to Sketch: the Science and Beauty of Medical Illustration at Mayo Clinic.”

Michael King. From the 2008 exhibit: “Scalpel to Sketch: the Science and Beauty of Medical Illustration at Mayo Clinic.”

It’s a field with a rich history, including the works of Leonardo da Vinci, Andreas Vesalius’s artist partner Jan van Calcar, Max Brödel and Dr. Frank Netter.

I ended up choosing medicine because I was interested in the roles and responsibilities in healing patients with which physicians are privileged. But I’ve still had a niggling curiosity about medical illustration. So when I got a chance to spend a week shadowing in the Mayo Clinic Media Support Department, I seized it.

I watched in amazement as the illustrators meticulously drew and painted beautiful images of hearts, arteries, bowels and stem cells on their Cintiq tablet screens. I watched the animators make muscles contract and DNA molecules spin in programs like Autodesk 3Ds Max and Adobe After Effects, and then watched their creations at the patient education kiosks in the Mayo Clinic.When I asked the illustrators questions about techniques, they were happy to share drawing tips and Adobe Photoshop tricks with me. The illustrators also helped me review anatomy and learn new surgical techniques, as many surgeons requested to use the images as teaching tools.

Cardiac valves, Patrick Lynch, 2006. [Wikimedia Commons.]

Cardiac valves, Patrick Lynch, 2006. [Wikimedia Commons.]

It’s already challenging to learn medicine and then verbally regurgitate the material on rounds or click on the correct answer on a standardized exam. But learning medicine and then visually processing it into easily-understood illustrations and diagrams so others can learn it more easily sounds a lot more difficult to me. What steps of a surgical procedure are important to depict? What parts of an anatomical structure have to be emphasized to illustrate a pathologic process? How do you visually explain a complex physiologic concept? Artists have to make these decisions for us—and we medical students benefit from their work. We should be grateful.

The next time you look at an illustration, take a moment to look for a tiny signature or subtle brushstrokes. These are the fingerprints that hard-working artists leave on their work. Consider these before you call that image in your lecturer’s presentation or your textbook “just a cartoon.”

Diem is a third year medical student from Baltimore, MD. She has a strong interest in the medical humanities and enjoys writing fiction and poetry, drawing, singing, playing ukulele, and cooking.

Tags: Anatomy, art, Education, M3, Mayo Clinic, Mayo Medical School, Mayo Medical School Blog, medical illustration, Medical School, Medical Student Blog, Medical Students, Meet Mayo Med, Minnesota, MMS, Rochester, Uncategorized

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